Dermatology

Common Skin Rashes in Babies

Cradle limit is a condition whereby patches of greasy, yellowish flakes and small pimple-like bumps show on the scalps of healthy babies. Sometimes it may appear on the eyebrows, ears and other areas where sweat glands are located. That can occur in any baby, and appear during the early weeks of life and will clear by the sixth month.

Several dermatologists think that high levels of maternal hormones are transmitted to the infant during the final weeks of pregnancy. This makes the sebaceous (oil) glands in the baby’s skin agitée which trigger overproduction of sebum which not only overstimulates the growth of new skin cells but also binds the old skin cells into flakes and crusts. It often has a gentle unpleasant scent and does not cause any discomfort to the infant baby skin rash.

Some doctors recommend leaving behind it alone, but I favor to treat it earlier because I have seen many cases whereby the crust becomes so thick that whenever it is rubbed, large chunks of hair comes off leaving behind a very red and raw looking area. Aligners are to apply an open-handed level of baby oil to the afflicted area about 20 minutes before the baby’s bath. This will allow the crust to be soft and comfortable to remove.

Throughout the bath, apply a baby shampoo to the head and using a soft hair brush or face cloth, lightly brush or rub the crust off.  Sometimes it may recur after a few days to continue to clean baby’s hair in the same way. Once the baby’s sebaceous (oil) boucle settle down, the problem will disappear. N. B. The oil application must be shampooed out to prevent an oily buildup which may make the condition even worse. Usually, do not try and remove the crusts and weighing scales with the tip of a fingernail.

Heat rash consists of tiny blisters filled with sweat. It forms when the pores become blocked and stop the sweat intrigue from releasing the perspiration or when heat and humidity exceed the ability of the sweat glands to cool the body. Babies are especially vulnerable because their ability to sweat is not developed and they often wear or lie on waterproof materials. It usually forms around the throat, face, armpits and sometimes on the chest and back.

Western medication includes applying calamine lotion and antihistamines for severe irritation. Sometimes using a light dusting of natural cornstarch powder may help to relieve the itchiness. Chinese traditional cure is to shower the baby with boiled, dried bitter gourd vine daily for three days.

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This is best to prevent the condition from developing by dressing the baby in light cotton clothes, especially in warm or hot weather. Avoid laying the baby on a plastic protected mattress or pad. Do not apply moisturizing ointment or lotions or use bath oils for babies under three months as these products may clog the pores. Do not overwrap the baby in layers of clothes and swaddling blanket.

Nappy allergy is often due to infrequent nappy change creating irritation from ammonia which is released when bacterias start breaking down the items of dirty nappies. It could be credited for an allergy to your washing powder or material conditioner if your child wears cloth diapers or a food/drug allergy especially antibiotics. The genital area, buttocks, groins and sometimes the upper thighs will appear red and inflamed. It could be dry or moist and often look pimply. Babies with nappy rash may be very fussy and yowl frequently or do not seem to be bothered whatsoever.